All are active only during the day, and all but one are North American, occurring from southern Canada to west-central Mexico. They can be purchased in both mouse and rat sizes. Designating an “interagency task force” may be the first step in formulating a municipal rodent management plan. They are usually made of hard plastic or metal. Around larger commercial facilities experiencing significant rodent activity, bait stations are often placed 75-feet apart around fence lines, spaced at 50-foot intervals against the building’s exterior, and indoors at 25-foot intervals along exterior walls. The United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) conducts similar inspections in meat and dairy processing plants. The above information was adapted from PREVENTION AND CONTROL OF WILDLIFE DAMAGE with permission of the editors, Scott E. Hygnstrom, Robert M. Timm, and Gary E. Larson (Cooperative Extension Division, Institute of Agriculture and Natural Resources University of Nebraska-Lincoln, United States Department of Agriculture Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, Animal Damage Control, Great Plains Agricultural Council Wildlife Committee). Each rat colony has its own territory, which can span an entire city block and harbor more than 100 rats. Chipmunk) Furbearer (Includes Raccoon, Opossum, Skunk, Beaver, Muskrat, Coyote, Foxes, Mink, River Otter, Badger, Weasels, and Bobcat) Contact your local animal control agency or the Illinois Department of Public Health (IDPH) if you quarters of your home and think people or pets might have been bitten. Snap traps should be placed at 10-foot intervals for mice and at 20-feet for rats. Stations also can be fastened to the ground with stakes, or attached to patio blocks by bolting or gluing. Rat burrowing causes streets and structures to collapse. A typical large city in the United States annually receives more than 10,000 complaints about rodent problems and performs tens of thousands of rodent control inspections and baiting services. Thus, every effort should be made to eliminate rodent food sources in and around structures. Most states allow landowners or tenants to take chipmunks when they are causing or about to cause damage. Apparently the only completely unregulated birds in Illinois are house sparrows, starlings, and pigeons (rock dove). Pre-baiting allows rats to get used to their presence and begin feeding on the bait. Trapped rodents can be discarded so no odor problems result. The entirety of Illinois is not just grass. While these strict laws apply to firearms, there are special laws that apply to air guns in our state. IPM is a program where 1) an inspection is made and pests identified before control is implemented; 2) the need for control is assessed along with the efficacy, cost, safety and environmental effects of control methods including environmental, biological, mechanical and chemical methods; and 3) after careful consideration, the best control methods are used to manage the pest. 346-352. Chipmunks can be captured or killed year-round without a permit or hunting or trapping license from the DNR, and there are no … Responsibilities assigned to city departments vary from city to city, and several departments may be sharing the various responsibilities of rodent management. Most states allow landowners or tenants to take chipmunks when they are causing or about to cause damage. The eastern chipmunk is approximately 8-12 inches … This includes knowledge of rodent biology, IPM practices, rodent control devices, and the characteristics and risks associated with rodenticides. In New England, chipmunks and tree squirrels cause considerable damage to maple sugar tubing systems by gnawing the tubes. If you plan to release the chipmunk, it is recommended that you release it five to 10 miles away. Dumpster drain openings should be securely plugged. Both Washington and Oregon have protections in place limiting what the public can do with wildlife. Considerations include rodent acceptance of and resistance to the rodenticide, the amount necessary to kill a rodent (single or multiple feedings), the bait’s toxicity and secondary poisoning potential, and the potential for contaminating food and poisoning non-target organisms including humans. Don’t let water stand in sinks overnight. A second litter is occasionally produced in the fall. Not following label directions, even if they conflict with information provided herein, is a violation of federal law. Like solid baits, liquid baits should be housed in tamper-resistant containers or be placed in areas inaccessible to children and non-target organisms.Selection of which bait product to use is also specific to the situation. The penalties for being found to break these laws are steep! Live trapping and relocating animals is often advertised as a humane solution to wildlife conflicts. Although unbaited snap traps catch rodents, they work best when baited with food attractive to rodents. to its rodent management program. While snap traps are useful in many situations, large numbers of them must be used to control larger rodent infestations. Additional flyers and perhaps seminars could be delivered to businesses and provide general program information as well as information on city codes and compliance pertinent to rodent/pest control. It is estimated that 25 percent of all fires attributed to “unknown causes” are probably started by rodents gnawing on gas lines, electrical wiring and matches. Water management is also important for rat control. May 20th, 2015 at 12:18 pm. Usually weighing less than an ounce and growing up to 3.5 inches long (excluding tail), the house mouse is the most common rodent in urban and developed areas. Along walls (rodents tend to run along walls), snap traps should be placed perpendicular to the wall, with the trigger end against the wall. 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Least chipmunks produce 1 litter of two to seven young in May or June. They are brownish gray in color, with light speckles across their body, light undersides, and solid gray heads. The stripes, however, continue to the base of the tail on all least chipmunks. The federal Insecticide, Fungicide and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA) governs many aspects of pest management and provides a basis for enforcement to ensure that all pesticide applications are performed according to label directions. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS Rat-sized snap traps. Chipmunks (sometimes also called ground squirrels) are easy to identify due to their small size and striped markings. This type of trap consists of a sticky film of glue applied to a backing of cardboard, wood or plastic. not taken from the wild Often, baiting is the most efficient and timely way to eliminate large numbers of rodents. Chipmunk, any of 25 species of small, striped, terrestrial squirrels with large internal cheek pouches. Traps are most useful against mice, because mice tend to be curious and rats suspicious. This law further restricts capturing and keeping venomous reptiles and other reptiles of concern unless the owner already had a permit before the law. Gutters and downspouts should be kept free of debris. In all cases, employees should receive rodent control training and adequate supervision. Some of the images in this document were borrowed from Centers for Disease Control and Prevention publications. This can be done with ¼-inch mesh metal screen or hardware cloth, metal “wool” products, concrete mixes or durable sealants for smaller openings. In addition to municipal codes, some federal and state laws apply to rodent/pest management operations. Chipmunks breed twice per year, in spring (April-May), then in summer (July-August), bearing 4 to 5 pups per litter. Bats inside rooms will exit on their own. This view can cause long delays in the prosecution of violators, issuance of penalties and clean up of rodent harborages. The longitudinal stripes end at the reddish rump. For more information, contact the Illinois Department of Public Health, Division of Environmental Health, 525 W. Jefferson St., Springfield, IL 62761;   217-782-5830, TTY (hearing impaired use only) 800-547-0466. Perhaps the greatest challenge for municipalities working to develop rodent management programs is that of integrating the various city departments into a cohesive unit. ondemand_video Today's Press Conference for COVID-19 will begin at 2:30 pm Click Here to Watch Live. The home range of a chipmunk may be up to 1/2 acre (0.2 ha), but the adult only defends a territory about 50 feet (15.2 m) around the burrow entrance. Illinois has a rich history, and its wildlife is varied and beautiful. As rats can enter structures through ½-inch holes and mice through ¼-inch holes, every effort should be made to seal these exterior entry points. Relocation is still not allowed without a land or site owners permission. Chipmunks are considered minor agricultural pests throughout North America. Despite the many problems associated with their use, glue traps do catch rodents and can play a part in an integrated rodent management program. Bait blocks are preferred for use in bait stations. The station should also have a card or label on which technicians can record the date each station is checked. From 1991 through 1999, euthanasia or relocation (>10 but <40 miles from point of capture) were allowed for other common species defined as game or fur-bearing mammals by the Wildlife Code. Taste repellents. Amended its laws to remove high power air rifles from the firearms list and climbing of! 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